动态

没有“城市病”的“未来之城”就在眼前,你知道什么样吗?

2024-04-03 作者:中国日报网

在北京西南约100公里处,一座高标准、高质量建设的未来之城正在拔地而起。

那里是河北雄安新区。

2017年4月,中共中央、国务院设立河北雄安新区的决定发布。雄安的设立是党中央深入推进京津冀协同发展作出的一项重大决策部署,初心是打造北京非首都功能集中承载地。

The establishment of Xiong'an New Area — located about 100 kilometers southwest of Beijing — was announced in April 2017. The flagship project was intended to relieve Beijing of nonessential capital city functions and advance the coordinated development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region.

今年是雄安新区设立的第七年。目前新区已进入大规模建设与承接北京非首都功能疏解并重阶段,工作重心已转向高质量建设、高水平管理、高质量疏解发展并举。

雄安人享受数字城市建设成果

陈雪颖已经习惯了每天通过手机预约智能网联巴士通勤。这并不是科幻场景,而是她在河北雄安新区容东片区的真实生活。

据她介绍,智能网联巴士很安全,而且是免费的。这种巴士的行程只需10多分钟,比在交通高峰时段开车上下班方便得多。

记者从悦享雄安科技有限公司了解到,智能网联巴士能够感知240米范围内的交通环境,比如红绿灯,还可以通过刹车或变道来应对突发情况,反应速度比人类驾驶员快10倍。

The autonomous driving buses are capable of sensing traffic information, such as stoplights, within a 240-meter range. They can respond to sudden situations by braking or changing lanes with a reaction speed 10 times faster than that of a human driver, accordingto Yuexiang Xiong'an Technology, which operates the vehicles.

这些公交车配备了20多个感应设备,包括激光雷达和高清摄像头。它们不断收集周边路况信息,然后将数据传输到车辆的计算单元。为确保车辆正常行驶,车内还配备了一名安全员,非必要情况下安全员不会进行干预操作。

2024年3月,游客在河北雄安新区参观“雄安印象”展览馆。魏晓昊/中国日报

目前,每天有20趟这样的智能网联巴士在容东片区的居民社区、公园和公交站之间运行。这些智能网联巴士的成功运营离不开数字道路的建设。

据介绍,雄安新区容东片区的数字道路是全国首个规模化的数字道路。

Rongdong is the first district to complete comprehensive digital road construction in Xiong'an New Area, according to the government.

位于容东片区的数字道路总里程153公里,在主干路、支路及街巷道路上,部署了多功能信息柱、激光雷达、电子卡口摄像头和其他感知设备,并且通过云、网、边、端智能交通基础设施及相关配套设备,实现全覆盖、全感知数字化道路。

Along its 153 kilometers of roads including main, secondary and branch roads, and alleys, have been installed multifunction information poles, laser radars, electronic toll cameras and other sensing devices, as well as supporting intelligent equipment to monitor the roads and transmit and analyze data.

据雄安云网科技有限公司介绍,数字道路的运营是雄安新区建设孪生城市的一部分。雄安城市计算中心是雄安数字孪生城市运营服务的重要载体。自2022年底运营以来,其承载的超级计算、云计算等设施,为数字孪生城市的大数据、区块链、物联网等提供网络、计算和存储服务。

Xiong'an New Area has built a digital twin city, which mainly operates in the Xiong'an Urban Computing Center. Since it began operations at the end of 2022, it has offered network, computing and storage services for big data, blockchain and the internet of things. The Digital Road Intelligent Operation Center is also part of the twin city, according to the operating company Xiong'an Cloud Network Technology.

一位参观者拍摄雄安新区规划模型。魏晓昊/中国日报

创新之城

据雄安新区改革发展局介绍,新区设立以来,央企已在新区设立各类机构200多家,示范作用和集聚效应凸显。

雄安还吸引了来自世界各地的商人和创新型公司。

来自加纳的文森在雄安看到了自己的未来。他说这里的生活和经商成本对创业企业更为友好。他计划将先进的技术带到非洲国家。文森说:“雄安专注于研究可持续能源,这将需要一些来自非洲的自然资源。我计划把锂、钴等从非洲运往中国。”

随着初创企业数量的增加,雄安迎来了许多人才的到来,并出台了系列措施以确保其在雄安发展得好。

新区去年发布了《关于打造创新高地和创业热土聚集新人才的若干措施》,推出了顶尖人才、技能人才、青年人才等各类人才引进及重大平台落地奖励等16条政策措施,包括顶尖科学家、高水平研究团队和新毕业大学生。雄安将积极引进顶尖科学家到雄安工作,给予2000~5000万元科研经费等。

So far, 16 policy measures have been announced to attract global talent, including top scientists, high-level research teams and new university graduates. Eligible leading scientists can receive research funding of up to 50 million yuan ($6.9 million).

雄安新区党群工作部部长、人大联络办主任尤志军说:“人才队伍、人才结构对雄安新区未来的发展至关重要,我们吸引人才的若干措施已经取得了成效。”

据介绍,雄安新区设立以来,发放雄才卡10808张,其中2023年以来新增各类创新创业人才约3万余人。

Since April 2017, over 10,000 Xiong'an talent cards have been issued. The card is an official document granted to talented people, and since 2023 Xiong'an has witnessed the arrival of 30,000 startups and entrepreneurs, according to the department.

居民不断提升的获得感

为更好推进雄安新区高标准建设,中央出台一揽子特殊支持政策在雄安新区全面落地,各项任务取得了重要阶段性成果。这些政策涉及子女教育、医疗、住房等各方面,进一步加强了对疏解人员的保障。

During the construction of Xiong'an, the top leadership urged implementing and refining policies and measures concerning children's education, healthcare, housing and other public welfare issues to fulfill the needs of residents.

孩子们在雄安新区街边公园的滑梯上玩耍。魏晓昊/中国日报

自9月份以来,北京四中雄安校区共招收学生50余名。每一位教师在北京四中本部配备了一名导师,确保雄安校区教学品质和北京四中保持一致,让疏解员工的子女在雄安新区享受到高质量教育。

The first intake of about 50 students from the Xiong'an branch of the Beijing No 4 High School has been enrolled since September. The teachers have mentors at the main campus in Beijing, which has regular interaction with the Xiong'an branch and provides support to ensure high-quality education.

雄安北海幼儿园和雄安史家胡同小学也于去年9月开始招生。此外,北京地区共15所部属高校将向雄安新区疏解。

在北京四中雄安校区,学生们在操场上锻炼。魏晓昊/中国日报

雄安新区的人员医疗保障也得到了极大提升,尤其是在雄安宣武医院于10月开始试运营后。

Xiong'an has also seen an improvement in medical services, especially after the branch of Beijing-based Xuanwu Hospital, affiliated to the Capital Medical University, started trial operations in October.

雄安宣武医院副院长、首都医科大学宣武医院外科党总支书记刘东斌说:“医院已开诊科室共33个。待住院病房和手术室运行平稳后,将适时开放急诊。”

一位女士和她的孩子在雄安宣武医院就诊。魏晓昊/中国日报

雄安宣武医院自2023年10月16日试运行至今,累计接诊量3.9万余人。雄安居民能够方便地在家门口向北京专家问诊。


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